Cardiomyopathy (defined as disease of muscle tissue) is one type of muscle growth you don’t want. Here’s why.
This is a serious heart condition in which the muscle becomes inflamed, possibly from an infection, and does not function optimally. Take a look at NHS Heroes online pharmacy There can actually be several causes for cardiomyopathy, one of which is viral infections.
Individuals are usually diagnosed with one of the following two types:
- “Primary” myopathy, which is attributed to a specific cause in the body, such as heart valve disease or a hereditary heart defect.
- Secondary myopathy is related to diseases which involve other organs. The heart muscle becomes enlarged, thick or rigid and in more rare cases, muscles gets replaced with scar tissue.
As the muscle becomes weaker other severe complications can arise, such as heart valve problems.
At this time physicians believe that the majority of people who suffer from cardiomyopathy do so as a result of a complication of coronary artery disease (CAD). As you may know, CAD happens when the arteries that delivers blood to the heart muscle itself becomes blocked. The blockages cause a decrease in oxygenated blood that is delivered to the heart muscle which then leads to damage to the muscle and some scarring.
The majority of people who suffer from cardiomyopathy as the result of coronary artery disease are over the age of 65. However, about 50,000 people in the United States suffer from cardiomyopathy as a result of other conditions, and most of these people are younger.
There are four general types of cardiomyopathy.
- The first is dilated cardiomyopathy and is the most common form. This happens when the heart muscle weakens, and as the muscle relaxes, the chambers expand. Approximately 30% of these cases are genetic (inherited) and the rest are a result of coronary artery disease.
- The second type of cardiomyopathy is hypertrophic. This condition happens when the wall of the heart becomes thicker and it prevents blood from flowing through the heart. This condition is fairly rare and physicians and researchers are still not sure why it happens.
- The third type of cardiomyopathy is restrictive cardiomyopathy. This happens when the walls of the heart becomes stiffer and do not relax enough to allow the heart to fill with blood. This reduces the efficiency of the pump.
- The fourth class of cardiomyopathy is arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia(ARVD). This is a very rare form of cardiomyopathy, and is an inherited disease.
- Treatments for cardiomyopathy will include lifestyle changes, medications, implanted devices to correct the arrhythmias and nonsurgical procedures.
- The goal of treatment is to control symptoms, reduce complications and halt the progression of the disease.
- A family history of cardiomyopathy or heart failure
- A disease or condition that can lead tocardiomyopathy, such as diabetes or obesity.
- Diseases such as sarcoidosis (enlargement of lymph nodes) or amyloidosis (a build up of the starch-like protein mentioned above), long-term alcoholism or long-term high blood pressure.
- Shortness of breath or trouble breathing
- Swelling in the ankles, feet or abdomen.
- arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythms)
- heart murmurs
- chest pain.